Tokaj wine region is situated in the Lower Zemplín in the northeastern corner of Slovakia. It follows a growing area, most of which are located in Hungary. This area is also the smallest and most attractive wine-growing region of Slovakia. It consists of the southern slopes of the Zemplén hills planted with vines after two millennia. They belong to her village Bara, Čerhov, Blacks, Little Tŕňa, Slovak New City, United Tŕňa and Viničky.
Tokay area is one of the few areas in the world where grapes can be grown for the production of naturally sweet wines. The Tokaj wine is said to be the elixir of eternal youth. Generally, the wines of Tokaj claims to have medicinal properties. The beginnings of viticulture in the area are known from the period of domination of the Romans, when the region was part of Pannonia. After the fall of the Roman Empire continued to grow grapes Slavs. Large merits in the development of viticulture in this area are attributed to the Italian settlers in the 13th and 14 century, who brought a new production here of experience, but also on variety Furmint Tokaj wine.
From the time of the Turkish wars in the 16th - 17 century the majority Tokaj cellars have been upgraded as shelters for people and property from the marauding troops. The first law, which concerned the Tokaj area was issued in the 1655th.
Memorable chapter of history Tokaj wine is associated with the names of famous people who consume this wine. Tokaj wine was not allowed to board any missing monarch, king, emperor or prince. Najvychýrenejšími in this direction were Russian Cari, who were in the cellars of tsar in St. Petersburg rare old editions Tokaj. Among the admirers of Tokaj wines were also Anatol France, Voltaire, Cromwell, Napoleon, and even Louis XIV. During this period, Tokaj wine got adjective - Vinum regum - reg vinorum, which translates Slovak wine of kings - the king of wines.
The specific and unique taste of Tokaj wine has a hearty share of both solar radiation, but also land on which vines are grown. Land are rocks of volcanic origin that can accumulate heat very well. Very important role of weather, long sunny autumn that will allow vyzrievajúce berries challenged Noble Borytris cinerea mold, and dried berries that remain raisined grapes - raisins, without which the Tokaj wine quality can be produced. The basis of the Tokaj wines are by centuries tried grape varieties - Furmint, Muscat Lipovina and yellow, which must be used in fixed proportions. Other specificities include an original technological process of production and curing of these wines.
Today's manufacturing world-famous Tokaj wine has a rich tradition of wine making and viticulture in the Slovak part of the Tokaj region. Excellent reputation Slovak Tokaj wine shows a large number of gold and silver medals in major international competitions. Visiting Tokaj wine-growing area of the old wine cellars where you can taste the genuine Tokay wines matured in wooden barrels for several years, is an experience to be forgotten.